The numbers for other languages fall off sharply below 3,000. [135][136][137] Austria was part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation until its ending in 1806 and had been part of the German Confederation, a loose association of 39 separate German-speaking countries, until the Austro-Prussian war in 1866, which resulted in the exclusion of Austria from the German Confederation and the creation of the North German Confederation led by Prussia. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. Other well known Austrian tennis players include the 2020 US Open winner Dominic Thiem, Horst Skoff and Jürgen Melzer. [110], Since the fall of communism, Austrian companies have been quite active players and consolidators in Eastern Europe. Between 1918 and 1919, Austria was known as the State of German Austria (Staat Deutschösterreich). While German is the country's official language,[11] many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects.[12]. In 1864, Austria and Prussia fought together against Denmark and secured the independence from Denmark of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein. Total military deaths from 1939 to 1945 are estimated at 260,000. Eierschwammerl dishes are also popular. Since 1995, the European Court of Justice may overrule Austrian decisions in all matters defined in laws of the European Union. But beyond the waltzes, the strudels, the alpine summits, and Habsburg architecture, its modern cities are proof of just how easily Austria combines the contemporary with the historic. Many Carinthians are afraid of Slovenian territorial claims,[citation needed] pointing to the fact that Yugoslav troops entered the state after each of the two World Wars and considering that some official Slovenian atlases show parts of Carinthia as Slovene cultural territory. Due to the mountainous terrain, alpine skiing is a prominent sport in Austria and is extremely valuable in the promotion and economic growth of the country. Both males and females at the age of sixteen are eligible for voluntary service. 750-1050)-language text, Articles containing Slovene-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 11:06.

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