With no housing available, they took over lands surrounding the city, creating huge shantytowns that extended for many miles. In 1970, Mexico City was split into four different delegaciones: Cuauhtémoc, Miguel Hidalgo, Venustiano Carranza and Benito Juárez, increasing the number of delegaciones to 16. One of the best examples of this is the Monument to the Mexican Revolution. Mexico City offers a variety of cuisines: restaurants specializing in the regional cuisines of Mexico's 31 states are available in the city, and the city also has several branches of internationally recognized restaurants. Mexico City contains all of the federal entity's area, including rural areas with relatively small populations. The amendment was later introduced into the second article of the Statute of Government of the Federal District. Between 1960 and 1980 the city's population more than doubled to nearly 9 million.[42]. [116] In 1921, Mexico City had less than one million inhabitants. Nevertheless, some areas of lower-income colonias are right next to rich neighborhoods, particularly in the case of Santa Fe. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the world. [201] For their part those living in Mexico City designate insultingly those who live elsewhere as living in la provincia ("the provinces", the periphery) and many proudly embrace the term chilango. The biggest wildcat in the whole of North America is the Jaguar, which can be found in Mexico’s southern wildernesses. [26][27] A clause in the Constitution of Mexico, however, prevents it from becoming a state within the Mexican federation, as it is the seat of power in the country, unless the capital of the country were to be relocated elsewhere.[28]. Mexico City is located in the Valley of Mexico, sometimes called the Basin of Mexico. [149], In 2014, the city launched so-called "Bus Rapid Service", with mid-sized Mercedes-Benz Boxer buses carrying 75–85 passengers[150][151] painted purple-on-white, replacing 'peseros' on certain groups of routes. Along Avenida Insurgentes from Paseo de la Reforma, near the center, south past the World Trade Center and UNAM university toward the Periférico ring road, is another important corridor of corporate office space. The Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, the seat of the Archbishopric of New Spain, was constructed on another side of the Zócalo, as was the archbishop's palace, and across from it the building housing the city council or ayuntamiento of the city. The Colección Júmex is a contemporary art museum located on the sprawling grounds of the Jumex juice company in the northern industrial suburb of Ecatepec.

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