Nile Crocodile Fact Sheet. They are able to live in lakes, marshes, rivers, estuaries, swamps and mangroves. The primary threats to this species have to do with humans. Threats to their survival include habitat destruction, hunting and pollution of their environment. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1996: e.T46590A11064465. On occasion they will store large prey items under logs or overhanging banks and return to eat them over a few meals. If their water source drys up the Nile crocodile may move to a new water source or estivate. Nile crocodiles usually dive for a few minutes, before they come to the surface; however, when threatened, they are able to remain submerged for up to 30 minutes. Nile crocodiles spend most of their life in the water. There is some variation in Nile crocodile color; Nile crocodiles living in clearer waters are lighter in color. Size and Habitat Africa's largest crocodilian can reach a maximum size of about 20 feet and can weigh up to 1,650 pounds. 2019. Once it rains they will emerge. Adult Nile crocodiles have a dark bronze coloration on their body with faded blackish spots and stripes variably appearing across the back ad dingy off yellow on the belly. Following a successful mating the female will find a spot on the sandy bank of their river home and dig a hole which may be up to 50cm (19.7in) deep. Being a carnivore, Nile crocodile feeds upon a wide variety of animal species, including insects, amphibians, fish and land mammals such as giraffes or Cape buffaloes. Meanwhile, larger males are typically more successful in finding mates. A group of crocodiles is known as a Bask, Congregation, Float, or Nest. Instead they will drag prey items in to the water and they then roll in the water to tear chunks of flesh off which they can swallow. The majority of their diet is fish but adults will also eat antelope, The nile crocodile is the second largest crocodile on Earth after the, While mostly solitary, groups of Nile crocodiles have been observed to come together and work collectively to take down larger prey or to easier catch large schools of fish. During this period, a female crocodile digs a nest, which is a hole in a river bank or sandy river bed. 1st ed. The Nile crocodiles are commonly found in Africa and can see across most of the continent. They can grow more than 6 meters long and weight over 700 kg. A person by hold their jaws shut down and even larger crocodiles can bring under control by binding by their jaws together. Learn about the crocodile’s habitat, behavior, and more in this article. Once the crocodiles emerge from the nest the mother will gather them in her mouth and carry them to the water. In to this hole she will deposit anywhere between 16 and 80 eggs. While females work to defend the nest they must return to the water at times to cool off. Sex of the future offspring greatly depends on the temperature of incubation: when the temperature is less than 31 degrees Celsius, the hatchlings are likely to be females, while temperatures over 31 - 34 degrees Celsius usually yield males. Adult Nile crocodiles are the apex predator within their environment. This species’ historic range, however, was even wider. On the other hand, being large and dangerous predators, the Nile crocodiles face aggression from humans, who destruct their nests and frequently kill the crocodiles. Their scientific name translates as ‘pebble worm of the nile.’. You can gain more information from this website by exploring about Crocodile Species. The Nile crocodile is a carnivore. Crocodile Specialist Group. However, the muscles of the jaws are strong to close and weak for the opening. The tail is used to push them forward in the water. Most of the crocodiles lay their eggs on nests and move on, while male and female Nile crocodile stays in the protection until their they able to survive in the wild. As the hatching time comes, the young give out a “peeping” call; the female hears the call and unearths the eggs, helping the hatchlings come out. These crocodiles, together with their eggs, have been found in Egyptian tombs. The southeast Asian island of Borneo also has a large population of estuarine crocodiles. Then, dominance hierarchies decide, in what order the members of the group will feed. Nile Crocodile habitat. Nile crocodiles are relatively social crocodiles as they share basking spots and large food sources such as schools of fish and big carcasses. [online] Available at: <,,,,, Habitat and Distribution The Nile crocodile is native to Africa. The full list of countries they inhabit is Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. 2019. However, they can occasionally be seen feeding in small groups, consisting of several individuals. They are opportunistic predators throughout their range. Nile crocodiles will attack and eat humans. This species is an agile and rapid hunter relying on both movement and pressure sensors to catch any prey unfortunate enough to present itself or near to the water banks. When Nile crocodiles are warm they will sit on the banks of a river with an open mouth. A large individual, weighing over 900 kg (2000 lb. Nile Crocodile Facts And Information | Seaworld Parks & Entertainment. Just before they are ready to hatch the hatchlings will start to call. Crocodylus niloticus. Due to their large range the timing of the breeding season is highly variable. Crocodile, any of 23 species of generally large, ponderous, amphibious animals of lizard-like appearance and carnivorous habit belonging to the reptile order Crocodylia. Nile crocodiles are the second largest species of crocodile on Earth. The crocodiles found at Mediterranean coast in the Nile delta and in the Israel and Syria across Red sea. In Greater St Lucia Wetland Park in South Africa, the animals are threatened by invasion of exotic plants that shade and supplant their nesting sites, cooling their eggs, which can potentially bring to an all-female population. The Nile crocodile is widely distributed across Sub-Saharan Africa. Typically it takes place around the end of the year in November or December. When swimming they have a third eyelid which is clear and covers the eyes so they can still see while swimming. Get more information about Reptile Species, Copyright © 2020 | Powered by Facts Diet | Contact Us | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy. They often roll the eggs gently out in their mouths from the nests after hatch. Downloaded. After entering the water the crocodiles will spend the next 6-8 weeks swimming together for safety before starting to disperse. On top of the tail is pairs of raised keeled scales which run down the length of the tail. Now, the species is widespread all over the world in most of the countries. 2020. The animal has grey-olive body and yellowish belly. The average lifespan of the Nile crocodile is recorded is about 45 years. The Nile crocodile’s coloration provides excellent camouflage in the murky rivers, swamps and lakes that it inhabits. When they do this opportunistic scavengers such as hyenas and lizards may eat the eggs. Scroll this page down and get the details. Males reach maturity at 3.1m (10.2ft) while females reach this at 2.6m (8.5ft). The Nile Crocodile species is least considered until now. Thus, the reptile attracts hunters for its skin, which is used in production of high-quality leather. Once this nest site is established the female will use the same site each year. 3rd ed. The adult Nile crocodile exerted about 22 kN bite force. Attempting to remove caught fish from fishing nets, these animals occasionally damage the nets, which lead to conflict between the crocodiles and fishermen. Crocodiles - Reptile - Nile Crocodile In Africa. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2 June 2020]. Nile crocodiles can live for more than 40 years. The species is the second largest crocodile across the world. The Nile crocodile is a native of Africa. Their streamlined long body ends with a narrow jaw at one end which has visible teeth sitting on the outside of the mouth at all times. They are exceptionally fast runners, and in general, these crocodiles have very quick reflexes, but, unfortunately, tire quickly. The reptile has long and powerful jaws, which perfectly fit catching and holding the prey. Gianfranco Gori / CC BY-SA (, Photo by Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man) / CC BY-SA (, Sarah McCans / CC BY (, Burnie, D., 2011. Their tail is long and muscular. The reptile most frequently occurs in the central, eastern, and southern regions of Africa as well as Western Madagascar. Nile Crocodile Fact Sheet. Mostly, they feed small hippos, zebras, other crocodiles as well. The females lay 25 to 80 eggs on average. 2. Nile crocodiles are capable of walking on land and they stand up on their legs to achieve this. The majority of their diet is fish but adults will also eat antelope, ostrich, baboon, zebra and buffalo.

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