The United States has proposed and maintained trade agreements under the Transatlantic Free Trade Area between itself and the European Union; the US-Middle East Free Trade Area between numerous Middle Eastern nations and itself; and the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership between Southeast Asian nations, Australia, and New Zealand. This is a comparison between US and a big chunk of Europe, though they use the term “North America.”. Stretching from the borders of the continental humid and subtropical climates, and going west to the Cascades Sierra Nevada, south to the southern tip of durango, north to the border with tundra climate, the steppe/desert climate is the driest climate in the U.S.[66] Highland climates cut from north to south of the continent, where subtropical or temperate climates occur just below the tropics, as in central Mexico and Guatemala. It can also be described as a northern subcontinent of the Americas, or America, in models that use fewer than seven continents. Species predicted to benefit from increasing temperatures, or their associated effects, tended to increase, whereas those predicted to be negatively affected declined. Its magnetic anomalies are very similar to the Sudbury Basin, and so it could be a second metal-rich impact crater. [89] Native culture changed drastically and their affiliation with political and cultural groups also changed. The maps were created by Redditor triton1982 and the result is a fascinating look at how similar some distant regions are, as well as a handy visual reference. Yet megaregion criterion have allowed the Great Lakes Megalopolis to maintain status as the most populated region, being home to 53,768,125 people in 2000.[134]. North America, extending to within 10° of latitude of both the equator and the North Pole, embraces every climatic zone, from tropical rain forest and savanna on the lowlands of Central America to areas of permanent ice cap in central Greenland. [j] Erikson was the first European to make landfall on the continent (excluding Greenland). North America is the fourth most populous continent after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In essence, in ecology, all change is bad in a way, even though change can contribute ultimately to increased diversity of something. Notable North American fauna include the bison, black bear, prairie dog, turkey, pronghorn, raccoon, coyote and monarch butterfly. [148] The NAFTA trade bloc GDP (PPP) is the world's largest with US$17.617 trillion. ", "L'Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site", "Why Do We Celebrate Columbus Day and Not Leif Erikson Day? In 1538, Gerard Mercator used America on his map of the world for all the Western Hemisphere. [125], While the United States, Canada, and Mexico maintain the largest populations, large city populations are not restricted to those nations. Learn how your comment data is processed. [113] While in Mexico there were 3,700 Muslims in the country. Is there additional material to support the extension to “North America”? [45] The continental coastline is long and irregular. The United States Geographical Survey (USGS) states that the geographic center of North America is "6 miles [10 km] west of Balta, Pierce County, North Dakota" at about 48°10′N 100°10′W / 48.167°N 100.167°W / 48.167; -100.167, about 24 kilometres (15 mi) from Rugby, North Dakota. On both continents, interspecific and spatial variation in population abundance trends are well predicted by climate suitability trends. This North American density figure is based on a total land area of 23,090,542 km, Depending on definitions, Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Panama, and Trinidad and Tobago have territory in, Panama is generally considered a North American country, though some authorities divide it at the, Includes the states of Hawaii and Alaska which are both separated from the, Descriptions of sites Erikson explored seem to correspond to, Unless otherwise noted, land area figures are taken from. The term Anglo-America is used to refer to the anglophone countries of the Americas: namely Canada (where English and French are co-official) and the United States, but also sometimes Belize and parts of the tropics, especially the Commonwealth Caribbean. Notable plants that were domesticated in North America include tobacco, maize, squash, tomato, sunflower, blueberry, avocado, cotton, chile pepper [64] Even between western and eastern France the difference can be already striking. In the limited context of the North American Free Trade Agreement, the term covers Canada, the United States, and Mexico, which are the three signatories of that treaty. They lived in several "culture areas", which roughly correspond to geographic and biological zones and give a good indication of the main way of life of the people who lived there (e.g., the bison hunters of the Great Plains, or the farmers of Mesoamerica). The warm Gulf Stream runs southwest to northeast, and carries warmth from the Gulf of Mexico to western Europe. The Mediterranean's waters are not as deep as the large oceans, allowing it to become a heat store tempering winters along its coastlines. The Gulf of Mexico is the largest body of water indenting the continent, followed by Hudson Bay. Well Reddit user Yearlaren has created the following map of South American cities transposed with Australian and New Zealand ones: Want to learn more about the Gulf Stream and relative latitudes? Nevertheless, the island is highly developed. Several linguistic groups died out, and others changed quite quickly. Volcanic eruptions are common in the region. For example, we have not experienced the heat waves Europe has, though both regions have experienced major floods. These are Central America and the Caribbean. [Win-key Esc]. Colder temperatures have been reached in nearby areas of southeastern Europe, which is much colder than western Europe on average in winter: Bucharest -23.9°C, Plovdiv -23.0°C, Varna -19.0°C. North America is a very large continent which surpasses the Arctic Circle, and the Tropic of Cancer. [100] Mexico has the world's second largest number of Catholics, surpassed only by Brazil. For more information, please visit NCEI's Global Surface Temperature Anomalies page. [69] The specifics of the initial settlement of the Americas by ancient Asians are subject to ongoing research and discussion. Filed Under: World Maps Tagged With: latitude. Vienna or Budapest are perfect examples. The other is the Labrador current. Bird populations were measured for each state or country over time (1980 – 2010) do track increases or decreases. The so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago (the beginning of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period). In the United States exists eleven megaregions that transcend international borders and comprise Canadian and Mexican metropolitan regions. [157] Immigration to the United States and Canada remains a significant attribute of many nations close to the southern border of the US. Therefore, Greenland shares some cultural ties with the indigenous people of Canada. Again, Europe is on the left, North America is on the right. [84] Norse explorer Leif Erikson (c. 970–1020 CE) is thought to have visited the area. 352:6281(84-87). The anomaly map on the left is a product of a merged land surface temperature (Global Historical Climatology Network, GHCN) and sea surface temperature (ERSST version 5) anomaly analysis. [150] The countries of NAFTA are also some of each other's largest trade partners. Required fields are marked *. It can also be described as a northern subcontinent of the Americas, or America, in models that use fewer than seven continents. Yet as cities grow in these warmer regions of North America, they are increasingly forced to deal with the major issue of water shortages. Los Angeles, San Diego, Phoenix and Houston are all at the same latitude as North Africa. The Pan-American Highway route in the Americas is the portion of a network of roads nearly 48,000 km (30,000 mi) in length which travels through the mainland nations. In Contrast European countries are warmer because of the Gulf Stream and the salt water of the Mediterranean Sea. When Pangaea began to rift around 200 million years ago, North America became part of Laurasia, before it separated from Eurasia as its own continent during the mid-Cretaceous period. I have a few ideas. As an almost-totally-blind person, might I please ask what European cities are on the same latitude as Washington, D. C.? Found in countries and states bathed by the Caribbean Sea or to south of the Gulf of Mexico and Pacific Ocean.[67]. [155] Although an accomplishment, it achieved the status of first transcontinental railroad by connecting myriad eastern US railroads to the Pacific and was not the largest single railroad system in the world. Throughout the Shield there are many mining towns extracting these minerals. Spanish North America (New Spain) was often referred to as Northern America, and this was the first official name given to Mexico.[19]. These include cultural, economic, and geographic regions. [55] The Rockies and other western mountain ranges began forming around this time from a period of mountain building called the Laramide orogeny, between 80 and 55 million years ago. The Mayans developed a writing system, built huge pyramids and temples, had a complex calendar, and developed the concept of zero around 400 CE. One is that they two regions are very different ecologically. [83] The site, situated at the northernmost extent of the island named Newfoundland, has provided unmistakable evidence of Norse settlement. The free trade agreement allowed for the elimination of tariffs that had previously been in place on United States-Mexico trade. A number of people seem to be arguing based on the proportion of the land area that is oceanic vs continental, mild vs extreme, etc. [47][48] North America's only land connection to South America is at the Isthmus of Darian/Isthmus of Panama. [57] The most significant Late Jurassic dinosaur-bearing fossil deposit in North America is the Morrison Formation of the western United States.[58].

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