There is no authentic and reliable official data on the religious composition of Pakistan's population in 1947. But Pakistan’s trajectory after independence has been very different. Hinduism is the second largest religion in Pakistan after Islam. [120] In May 2014, a member of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Dr Ramesh Kumar Vankwani, revealed in the National Assembly of Pakistan that around 5,000 Hindus are migrating from Pakistan to India every year. All of these are in Sindh except the Rahim Yar Khan District in Punjab. The number of national Assembly seats were increased from 207 in 1997 to 332 in 2002. Having originated during the Mughal period (early 16th to mid-18th century), Urdu is the youngest of the country’s languages and is not indigenous to Pakistan. Your email address will not be published. [132], The rise of Taliban insurgency in Pakistan has been an influential and increasing factor in the persecution of and non-Muslims in Pakistan[133][134][129] In July 2010, around 60 members of the minority Hindu community in Karachi were attacked and evicted from their homes following an incident of a Dalit Hindu youth drinking water from a tap near an Islamic Mosque. The Pakistan Hindu Council runs 13 schools across Tharparkar[46] and also conducts mass wedding of poor Hindu couples. Due to the low population of Hindus in the Central Punjab, many of the Hindus have married Sikhs and vice versa. However, in November 2019, government of Pakistan started the restoration process for 400 Hindu temples in Pakistan. A lively and informative new podcast for kids that the whole family will enjoy! Kahan gaye ye log? Pakistan in 2017 conducted its first census since 1998. [105] In 2019,three Hindu temples were vandalised in Ghotki district in Sindh over blasphemy accusations. Korean Christian missionaries have allegedly converted more than 1,000 Hindu families in 2012 alone. [1] According to 1951 census, Dominion of Pakistan (both East and West Pakistan) had a population of 75 million population, in which West Pakistan had a population of 33.7 million and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) had a population of 42 million. Of the total area of the country, about three-fifths consists of rough mountainous terrain and plateaus, and the remaining two-fifths constitutes a wide expanse of level plain. Unlike the earlier migrations, which took centuries to unfold, these chaotic population transfers took hardly one year. This exchange of population had different impact within Pakistan itself. If Pakistan’s population growth rate from 1947 was predicted to be 2% per year, then the country’s current population should have been 120 million, instead of 180 million. See Demographics of Pakistan for a more detailed overview of the country's present-day demographics. [110][111][112] According to the National Commission of Justice and Peace and the Pakistan Hindu Council (PHC) around 1000 non-Muslim minority women are converted to Islam and then forcibly married off. Back then, Pakistan also included present-day Bangladesh which was known as East Pakistan. In the 1950s, more than one-half of the residents of several cities in Sindh and Punjab were muhajirs. Some Hindus in Pakistan feel that they are treated as second-class citizens and many have continued to migrate to India. In West Pakistan, the non-Muslim population was just 3.44 per cent, while in East Pakistan (today's Bangladesh) they had a significant share comprising 23.20 per cent of the population therein. (NOTE: An earlier version of this article had a line which said "Census data show that share of non-Hindus in Pakistan has hovered around 3.5 per cent over the decades". The Gandhara kingdom of the northwest, and the legendary Gandhara people, are also a major part of Hindu literature such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Some ancient Hindu temples in Pakistan draw devotees from across faiths including Muslims. [23] Although small in numbers, Hindus in Pakistan are not less complex than in other parts of the world. Along the Indus River, the artery of the country, the ancient site of Mohenjo-daro marks one of the cradles of civilization. The exact figure cannot be confirmed but the Census of 1951 shows the 33.7 million in total with the modern Bangladesh that has 42 million population. [80] The Sindh Hindu Marriage Bill was amended in 2018 to include divorce rights, remarriage rights and financial security of the wife and children after divorce. They have never forced Hindus to convert. According to the financial times the figure is official because it was published in India and Pakistan at 70: their years of independence in charts by Keith Fray, Aisha Majid and Liz Faunce AUGUST 14, 2017. The 19.9% is the urban population at that time. Mobs attacked scores of Hindu temples across Pakistan. Either they were persecuted or they took shelter in India)," Amit Shah said in the Rajya Sabha. Also, in Balochistan Hindu places of worship are proportionate to their population. The picture is also complicated by the fact that, especially in Sindh, there are substantial numbers of Urdu- and Punjabi-speaking muhajirs. Yet, politically and culturally, Pakistan has struggled to define itself. With the exception of this educated elite, English is spoken fluently by only a small percentage of the population. THE SITUATION IN EAST PAKISTAN (today's BANGLADESH). There is a significant increase in the influence of Iskcon due to its rejection of caste system. In 2011, the Government of Pakistan closed the Ministry of Minority Affairs. Of the remaining population, the muhajirs—Muslims who fled to Pakistan after the partition in 1947—and Balochs constitute the largest groups. Pakistan Population Growth. Omissions? Other communities worship manifold "Mother Goddesses" as their clan or family patrons. However, the actual population of Scheduled Caste Hindus is expected to be much higher, as the Scheduled Caste Hindus categorise themselves as Hindus in the census rather than as Scheduled Castes. Mohammad Ali Jinnah, recognized as Pakistan’s Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader), clearly declared that non-Muslims would be equal citizens in the new country. [24][25] The annual Hinglaj Yatra is the largest Hindu pilgrimage in Pakistan. [54] Political parties Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam (F) party is against giving reserved seats for minorities. In addition, northern Pakistan—particularly the Federally Administered Tribal Areas—has become a haven for members of neighbouring Afghanistan’s ousted Taliban regime and for members of numerous other Islamic extremist groups. [95] Following this,the 1,000-Year-Old Shivala Teja Singh temple in Sialkot(which was closed for 72 Years)[96] and a 100-year-old Hindu temple in Balochistan was reopened. The MMA leads the opposition in the national assembly, held a majority in the NWFP Provincial Assembly, and was part of the ruling coalition in Balochistan. Each of its principal languages has a strong regional focus, although statistics show some languages to be distributed between various provinces because administrative boundaries cut across linguistic regions. [28], The Sindh kingdom and its rulers play an important role in the Indian epic story of the Mahabharata. (The rise of militant ethnic politics in Sindh that began in the 1980s—notably the clashes between native Sindhis and organized members of the muhajir community—likely can be traced to that decision.). According to the 1941 census, about Muslims 79.7%, Hindus are 13.5%, Sikhs are 5.2% and Christians are 1.5%. These two territories were carved out as … [70][41], In Balochistan province, Hindus are relatively more secure and face less religious persecution. [122] The Indian government is planning to issue Aadhaar cards and PAN cards to Pakistani Hindu refugees, and simplifying the process by which they can acquire Indian citizenship. After Partition of India in 1947, two-thirds of the Muslims resided in Pakistan (both east and West Pakistan) but a third resided in India. [107], Some minor[108] Hindu girls in Pakistan are kidnapped, forcibly converted and married to Muslims,[16] although some cases of Hindu girls defying their families wishes by eloping with Muslim men have been reported as forced conversions by the girls' families. Having separately examined the trend in population change in the regions that are today known as Pakistan and Bangladesh, let's examine the claims made by the BJP. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Pakistan got its identity as a separate nation on August 14, 1947. It contains a section of the ancient Silk Road and the Khyber Pass, the famous passageway that has brought outside influences into the otherwise isolated subcontinent. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. [52], The Constitution's Article 51(2A) provides 10 reserved seats for non-Muslims in the National Assembly, 23 reserved seats for non-Muslims in the four provincial assemblies under Article 106[53] and four seats for non-Muslims in the Senate of Pakistan. A growing number of urban Hindu youth in Pakistan associate themselves with ISKCON society. Pakistan is bounded by Iran to the west, Afghanistan to the northwest and north, China to the northeast, and India to the east and southeast. Amit Shah's verbatim quote in Hindi: "1947 main Pakistan ke andar alpasankhyakon ki aabadi 23 pratishat thi, aur 2011 main wog ghat kar 3.7 pratishat ho gayi. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Many Pakistani city names (such as Peshawar and Multan) have Sanskrit roots. However, many of those who converted still worship Valmiki and celebrate Valmiki Jayanti. But the number of non-Muslim reserved seats were not increased from 10. The city of Peshawar today is home to four Hindu tribes– the Balmiks, the Rajputs, the Heer Ratan Raths and the Bhai Joga Singh Gurdwara community. as an inducement for those who convert. For the upholders of the Ideology of Pakistan, the existence of Pakistan is defined only in relation to Hindus, and hence the Hindus have to be painted as negatively as possible". [36]After Pakistan gained independence from Britain on 14 August 1947, 4.7 million of the country's Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India.

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